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September: Hispanic Heritage Month

National Hispanic Heritage Month began in 1968 as Hispanic Heritage Week under President Lyndon Johnson. In 1988, the observation was expanded by President Ronald Reagan to cover a 30-day period from September 15 to October 15.

Learn more about Hispanic Heritage month at http://www.hispanicheritagemonth.gov/about/

 

Read more on our Heritage Month Guide.

2. Liliuokalani (1838-1917): Hawaiian

Originally a celebration signaling the end of the sugar cane harvest, this holiday has evolved into Barbados’ biggest national festival. The harvest festival, called The last sovereign of Hawaii, monarch Liliuokalani succeeded to the throne after her brother's death in 1891.

7. Independence Day: Brazil

Unlike the other areas of South America, the region now known as Brazil was colonized by the Portuguese in 1500, led by the explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral. On this day in 1822, the son of Portugal's king, and regent of Brazil, declared Brazil independent of Portugal and himself Emperor Pedro I. He was succeeded by his son Pedro II in 1831, who until his death in 1889 led the development of Brazil as a modern nation.

9. Confucius' Death: People's Republic of China

Celebrated on the anniversary of his death in the People's Republic of China, this day honors Confucius (551–479 B.C.E.), the founder of the main doctrines of Chinese philosophy.

10. National Day: Belize

Also known as the Battle of St. George’s Caye Day, this commemorates the final unsuccessful attempt by the Spaniards to expel the settlers from the territory that is present-day Belize.

16. Independence Day (El Día de Independencia): Mexico

On September 16, 1810, in the small town of Dolores, in the province of Guanajuato in Mexico, a handful of people were summoned by a parish priest to take up arms against the Spanish colonial government. This began the fight for independence that ended 350 years of Spanish rule. To this day, the church bell that was used to call people to revolt hangs in the National Palace in Mexico City and is rung on the eve of September 16 by the President of the Republic.

18. Obon (Lantern Festival): Japan

This holiday celebrates the proclamation of independence from Spain on September 18, 1810, although Chile would not earn total independence until 1818.

23. Chichen Itza Festival: Mexico

This festival is celebrated on the vernal and autumnal equinoxes at the ancient Mayan Pyramid of Kukulkan. When the mid-afternoon sunlight hits the stairway on these days, it creates shadows that look like the body of a serpent creeping downward until it joins the serpent's head carved in stone at the bottom.

Grito de Lares (1868): Puerto Rico

This day is commemorated in Puerto Rico as the anniversary of the uprising that initiated the movement for Puerto Rican independence. On this date, a 400-man army of liberation led by Manuel Rojas, under orders from the exiled leader Ramón Emeterio Betances, gathered and took the town of Lares. They formed a provisional government and issued four proclamations, including one promising freedom for all slaves who joined the rebel army. Although the army was defeated and disbanded the following day, some of its aims were realized nearly immediately (the Spanish government decreed the gradual abolition of slavery by 1873), and the revolt is remembered as the first large-scale armed rebellion against Spanish colonial rule.

30. José Morelos (1765-1815): Mexican

A village priest, Morelos joined the uprising led by Father Miguel Hidalgo in 1810 to fight for Mexico's independence from Spain. Appointed a lieutenant, Morelos became the most successful commander of the rebel forces, rising to the position of supreme commander.

 

 

 

The entries for this calendar have been adapted from the Electronic Diversity Calendar (TM). Used with permission.

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