November celebrates National American Indian Heritage Month
The month of November was designated as National American Indian Heritage Month in August 1990 by the U.S. Congress and approved by President George H. W. Bush. Previous to that time, a week was set aside for Native American Awareness Week. The terms “American Indian” or “Native American” apply to hundreds of tribes speaking approximately 250 languages. In 1996, President William Clinton proclaimed, “Throughout our history, American Indian and Alaska Native peoples have been an integral part of the American character. Against all odds, America’s first peoples have endured, and they remain a vital cultural, political, social and moral presence.”
National celebration of Thanksgiving began in 1863
The first nationwide observance of Thanksgiving occurred in 1863 during the Civil War, when President Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation designating the last Thursday of November as a day of national thanksgiving. Since 1863, Thanksgiving has been observed annually in the United States. In 1941 Congress made Thanksgiving Day a federal holiday to be observed on the fourth Thursday of November.
Read more on our Heritage Month Guide.
This Christian holiday celebrates the memory of the Christian saints and martyrs, and also of family members who have died.
Beginning on the evening of October 31 and celebrated through November 2 by Mexicans and Mexican Americans, this holiday has its roots in two traditions: the Christian observance of All Saints and All Souls Day, and two Aztec festivals in which the souls of the dead were welcomed back to visit those who remembered them.
This is a Roman Catholic holiday for commemorating those souls who have been baptized, but who are still considered to be in purgatory for committing lesser sins.
First declared by President George W. Bush in 2001, World Freedom Day commemorates the fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989, symbolizing the end of the Cold War and the liberation of Central and Eastern Europe from communism.
Originally called Armistice Day, this holiday commemorates the day in 1918 that an armistice was signed by the Allies and the Germans at "the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month," bringing World War I to an end.
Abolitionist, women’s rights activist. As a leader of the Women's Temperance Movement along with Susan B. Anthony, Stanton secured the first laws in New York State giving women control over their children, property, and wages.
In 1996, the U.N. General Assembly established the International Day for Tolerance to promote respect for and appreciation of the world's many religions, languages, cultures, and ethnicities, and to recognize the universal human rights and fundamental freedoms of others.
Indian rights activist. Born in Mankiller Flats near Tahlequah, Oklahoma to a Cherokee father and a Dutch-Irish mother, Wilma Mankiller became an ardent Indian rights activist and the first woman chief of the Cherokee Nation.
After he began to write for a union paper, he discovered writing as his vocation. His most famous work, his memoir America Is in the Heart, speaks eloquently of the economic exploitation and ethnic discrimination suffered by poor Filipinos in his adopted country.
This legal holiday in all territories of the United States is a time for giving thanks for the harvest and for the blessings the year has brought. In his first presidential proclamation on October 3, 1789, President George Washington declared Thursday, November 26, 1789 to be "a day of public thanksgiving and prayer."
The entries for this calendar have been adapted from the Electronic Diversity Calendar (TM). Used with permission.
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