August 1941: The Atlantic Charter
President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill released the Atlantic Charter on August 14, 1941 following three days of secret meetings aboard a U.S. warship off the coast of Newfoundland. The Charter, which would lead to the establishment of the United Nations, set forth eight “common principles” that the United States and Britain would commit to support in the postwar world, a couple being the renunciation of all aggression and freedom from want and fear.
Read more on our Heritage Month Guide.
Originally a celebration signaling the end of the sugar cane harvest, this holiday has evolved into Barbados’ biggest national festival. The harvest festival, called “Crop Over,” runs from June until the first Monday in August, culminating in the season’s finale, the Grand Kadooment, a joyous celebration featuring a street carnival with costumed revelers, calypso music, street fairs, craft markets, food tents, and fireworks displays in the evening.
First proclaimed by the U.N. General Assembly in 1994, this is a day to celebrate the unique cultures of indigenous peoples around the world.
Gerty Cori was the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine and the third woman—and first American woman—to win a Nobel Prize in science. In 1947, she and her husband Carl Cori shared the award with physiologist Bernardo Houssay for their discovery of the role of lactic acid in the conversion of glucose to muscle glycogen, known as the “Cori cycle.” Knowledge of this process contributed to the understanding and treatment of diabetes and other metabolic disorders.
Seventh Night (Ch'i-hsi), or Weaving Maid and Herd Boy Festival, is a romantic festival based on a tale of a couple who disobeyed the chief deity and are, therefore, held in the sky as stars on either side of the Milky Way. On this night, magpies fly up from earth and join their wings to form a bridge over the Milky Way so that the lovers can meet. The holiday is celebrated on the seventh day of the seventh month according to the traditional Chinese lunar calendar.
The Liberian flag bears a striking resemblance to the American flag, a reminder of the close ties between Liberia and the United States. Liberia was originally established in 1822 as a colony for freed American slaves, and Virginian Joseph Jenkins Roberts led the movement for Liberian independence. The flag has six red and five white horizontal stripes representing the signers of the Liberian Declaration of Independence, with a single white star in a blue square in the upper left corner signifying Liberia’s former position as the sole free Black state in Africa. The holiday was first observed in 1847 when the new republic was established and the founding fathers approved the design of the country’s new flag.
This three-day festival celebrates the return of the spirits of the ancestors to the family home. The spirits are then sent back to the other world via paper lanterns set adrift on the water to guide the spirits back. Bon-Odori is the traditional dance performed during Obon. This is the traditional date of the festival, called Kyu Bon (“Old Bon”), falling on the fifteenth day of the seventh lunar month. Obon is also celebrated around July 15 or August 15 in different parts of Japan.
This national holiday honors all of the heroes of the Philippines, from famous heroes such as José Rizal, Andres Bonifacio, and Emilio Aguinaldo to those heroes whose names are forever lost to history. The commemoration usually includes a cultural program and flower offering at the foot of the Unknown Soldier Monument.
The entries for this calendar have been adapted from the Electronic Diversity Calendar (TM). Used with permission.
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