On May 17th, 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously issued a decision that segregation in public education violated the right to equal protection under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. This decision directed the lower courts to see to the desegregation of the nation’s schools. It also overturned the doctrine of “separate but equal” established by Plessey v. Ferguson and created a bases for integration and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s.

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